Life cycle

Links to articles on project and programme life cycle Links to external resources on project and program life cycles


Articles remain the copyright of the original authors and publishers. They are not covered by the Creative Commons licence unless provided by Praxis Framework.




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Harnessing the staged approach to projects


Stages are specific periods during which work on the project takes place. These are when information is collected and outputs created. For each stage in the project, you should carry out the full range of work covering the entire scope of functional inputs required to achieve the benefits, including commercial, technical and operational aspects.

Project Workout

Are all guides based on the same life cycle?


This article demonstrates how most project and programme guides base their processes on the same basic life cycle.

Praxis Framework Ltd

Products, assets and the Praxis Delivery Model


Products and assets don't appear in the Praxis Delivery Model - this is why.

Praxis Framework Ltd.

Life cycle update - beta


This is a beta version of an update to the life cycle topic - it emphasises the potential for agility across the life cycle.

Praxis Framework Ltd.

Make the life cycle work - think across the ‘V’

Murray-Webster and Simon

Most of us envisage a project life cycle as a series of sequentially linked or overlapping phases, often pictured as a ‘waterfall’. This representation of the life cycle directly influences the way a project is undertaken.

Lucidus consulting

Managing the development of large software systems

Dr. Winston Royce

This is the original article written by Dr. Winston Royce in 1970 that is often cited as the origin of the term 'waterfall' - although the term is never mentioned in the article.



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External resources

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Title Source Format and length Notes

A closer look at project life cycles

EE pub's

PDF; 7 pages

This paper focuses on software development life cycles and has some observations as to which is the best based on time, budget and uncertainty.

The role of the Project Life Cycle (Life Span) in Project Management


PDF; 22 pages

An slightly academic literature review of all aspects of the project life cycle.

The RIBA Plan of Work


HTML guide

An example of how the basic life cycle may be presented for a specific role in a specific industry . In this case Architects in Construction.


  1. Royal Institute of British Architects


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6th October 2014'Are all guides based on the same life?' cycle added
3rd March 2017External links added
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